Chronic hepatitis C virus infections are among the most common reasons for liver transplants. Because existing viruses also infect the new liver, the immune system is highly active there. Despite this, the new organ is not rejected, as scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Technische Universität München (TUM) have now discovered. The long-term stimulation of the innate immune system by the virus actually increases the probability of tolerance.
Picture: Prof. Ulrike Protzer and Dr. Felix Bohne investigate the results of the blood samples of HCV-infected transplant patients. (Photo: E. Mitterwallner / TUM)
When can we expect to drive the length of Germany in an electric car without having to top up the battery? Chemists at the NIM Cluster at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU) and at the University of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada, have now synthesized a new material that could show the way forward to state-of-the-art lithium-sulfur batteries.
On behalf of the Technical University of Munich (TUM), the Bayerische Patentallianz GmbH is awarding a license to NavVis GmbH for an award-winning technology for navigating inside buildings. This technology, which was initially developed at TUM under the name of NavVis, allows navigation inside large buildings without the need of GPS. In addition, with the help of a mobile app for smartphone users this technology also opens up new possibilities for interactive services such as museum tours or product advertising in shopping malls.
© NavVis GmbH
Early nutrition is recognized as a target for the effective prevention of childhood obesity. Protein intake was commonly associated with more rapid weight gain during infancy, a known risk factor for later obesity. Now researchers from the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU) studied the influence of protein content in infant nutrition on the BMI of children years later and suggest foods that provide excessive protein intake should be avoided.
A new invention from the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU) is about an ultrasonic sound source which can be mounted on the rotor blades of wind power plants. Crossing bats are alerted by the ultrasonic sound waves, protecting them effectively from the rotor blades. The invention can be realized cost-efficient and needs low maintenance.
Generative manufacturing method from Technische Universität München for components in combination with a specific directional three-dimensional fiber structure.
Photosynthesis takes place in specialized membrane systems, made up of stacked disks linked together by unstacked planar leaflets. An LMU (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität) team has now identified a protein that tucks the membrane in at the edge of each stack. In the longer term, the new findings could contribute to the optimization of photosynthesis: Understanding the stacking process might allow one to increase the degree of stacking and enhance the efficiency of photosynthesis – and perhaps increase yields from crop plants.
Picture: Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrograph of a chloroplast in maize (Zea mays) showing thylakoids (green) and assimilation starch granules (grey). (Prepared by freeze fracturing; micrograph is pseudo-colored.) (Source: G. Wanner LMU)
The spontaneous emission of light out of an excited state of an electron is called fluorescence. The fluorescence of a molecule is a multidimensional parameter which includes the spectra, the intensity and the decay time. The time resolved laser induced fluorescence spectroscopy was used to distinguish different types of fuels different suppliers like Aral, Shell, OMV and CNPC by the university of apllied sciences in Coburg. The three dimensional diagrams show the fluorescence intensity as a function of emission wavelength and decay time. Those diagrams could be used to determine the characteristic fuel fluorescence parameters, which allow the identification of the different fuels.
Picture: This is how the invention could be realised.
This year‘s LMU-Harvard Young Scientists’ Forum (YSF), the fifth in the series, is hosted by LMU and takes place on 9 - 12 July. The Forum provides a platform for interdisciplinary discussions in the fields of protein research and the neurosciences. The overall goal of the YSF is to further strengthen academic and personal ties between the two universities. Over 50 junior researchers and established investigators will attend – mostly from LMU and Harvard University, but the Technische Universität München (TUM), the Helmholtz Center Munich and the Max Planck Institutes based in the city will also be represented. The Forum is held in alternate years at Harvard University in Cambridge (Mass.) and at LMU’s Center for Advanced Studies in Munich.
The described invention uses for the first time a polysaccharide, hydroxyethyl starch (HES), for the controlled shielding/deshielding of polyplexes. Designing carriers for safe and efficient delivery of therapeutic genes offer great potential for in vitro gene transfection as well as the in vivo the treatment of many difficult-to cure diseases, such as metastatic cancer.